Analytic

Wednesday, December 31, 2008

Change RAMDISK size in Debian

Edit /boot/grub/menu.lst (or grub.conf or lilo.conf) and add ramdisk_size=512000 to this line:
kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/md1 ro console=tty0 console=ttyS0,57600

kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/md1 ro ramdisk_size=512000 console=tty0 console=ttyS0,57600

it defines 512 MB Ramdisk.

Reboot system.

To create an ext2fs file system, the following command is used :

mke2fs -m 0 /dev/ram0

The -m 0 option keeps mke2fs from reserving any space on the file system for the root user. This makes the complete ramdisk space available to any regular user.


To mount the ramdisk :


mkdir /mnt/RAMDISK
mount /dev/ram0 /mnt/RAMDISK

Run mount to check whether the RAMDISK has been mounted.
Now the RAMDISK can be used as a regular directory. You can read, write, delete and modify files on the RAMDISK as if you are working on a regular hard disk. Linux would handle it as if it were handling a regular directory on the disk. The difference between RAMDISK and normal DISK would be invisible to a regular user.

The only problem is that if the system is either rebooted or crashes. In that case, all data in the RAMDISK is lost. You will need to recreate the RAMDISK and redo all that has been done.

Wednesday, November 26, 2008

Keyboard problem in VMware under Ubuntu 8.10

In VMWARE Server on my fresh install of Ubuntu 8.10,after powering on a Windows XP vm, I realized that I could not use the some keys properly. On hitting the left arrow key, start menu was being displayed and other arrow keys had similar issues. Also, using VMware player was completely impossible as ctrl-alt-del wasn’t working.

To fix this issue, you simply need to run the following command,

echo 'xkeymap.nokeycodeMap = true' > /etc/vmware/config

Thursday, November 13, 2008

Install Mysql Activity Report on Ubuntu

Install these two packages:

apt-get install librrd2-dev libmysqlclient15-dev

Download the Mysql Report Activity:

wget http://freshmeat.net/redir/mysqlard/...d-1.0.0.tar.gz

tar -xvzf mysqlard-1.0.0.tar.gz
cd mysqlard-1.0.0

./configure
make
make install

Edit /usr/local/share/mysqlard/mysqlar.php and change username and password for your Mysql Database.

Give access right to www-data user for vim /usr/local/share/mysqlard/ :

chown www-data.www-data /usr/local/share/mysqlard/mysqlar.php

Add the alias to apache config file ( I added a new conf file in /etc/apache2/conf.d/ ):

vim /etc/apache2/conf.d/mysqlard.conf

and add these lines to it:

Alias /mysqlard /usr/local/share/mysqlard

"Directory /usr/local/share/mysqlard"

php_flag register_globals off

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

"IfModule mod_dir.c"

DirectoryIndex mysqlard.php
"/IfModule"

"/Directory"


(change "" with <>).

Create a user in MYSQL:

GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO mysqlar@localhost;

and then change the user in mysqlar.php.

Check too all paths in these files:

mysqlard.server

mysqlard.cnf
mysqlard_graph

Copy the following files in appropriate crontab folders:
mysqlar.daily
mysqlar.weekly
mysqlar.monthly

You need to add a cron job to generate the graphs. For example :
*/5 * * * * root hourly=1 daily=1 weekly=1 monthly=1\
/usr/bin/mysqlar_graph > /dev/null

Restart apache2 service:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

You can access Mysql Activity Report with following url:

http://localhost/mysqlard/mysqlar.php

Apache Server Status

The Status module allows a server administrator to find out how well their server is performing. A HTML page is presented that gives the current server statistics in an easily readable form. If required this page can be made to automatically refresh (given a compatible browser). Another page gives a simple machine-readable list of the current server state.

The details given are:

  • The number of worker serving requests
  • The number of idle worker
  • The status of each worker, the number of requests that worker has performed and the total number of bytes served by the worker (*)
  • A total number of accesses and byte count served (*)
  • The time the server was started/restarted and the time it has been running for
  • Averages giving the number of requests per second, the number of bytes served per second and the average number of bytes per request (*)
  • The current percentage CPU used by each worker and in total by Apache (*)
  • The current hosts and requests being processed (*)
The lines marked "(*)" are only available if ExtendedStatus is On.

To enable status reports only for browsers from the foo.com domain add this code to your /etc/apache2/apache2conf configuration file:

"Location /server-status"
SetHandler server-status
Order Deny,Allow
Deny from all
Allow from foo.com

"/Location"

(change " with <>)

You can now access server statistics by using a Web browser to access the page http://your.server.name/server-status

You can get the status page to update itself automatically if you have a browser that supports "refresh". Access the page http://your.server.name/server-status?refresh=N to refresh the page every N seconds.

A machine-readable version of the status file is available by accessing the page http://your.server.name/server-status?auto. This is useful when automatically run, see the Perl program in the /support directory of Apache, log_server_status.

Wednesday, November 12, 2008

Mount a remote folder in Ubuntu

SSHFS (Secure SHell FileSystem) is a file system for Linux capable of operating on files on a remote computer.

apt-get install sshfs

(Remote host must run the ssh daemon)

sshfs
remoteuser@remotehost:/path/to/remote_dir local_mountpoint

Thursday, November 6, 2008

Zoneminder in Ubuntu

In Ubuntu run:

apt-get install zoneminder

apt-get -f install

modprobe -r zc0301
modprobe -r gspca
modprobe gspca

add this line to /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist:
blacklist zc0301

Give access right to Video Devices:

chmod 777 /dev/video(x)

Thursday, October 23, 2008

MySQL Tuning

These are two perl scripts that help to tune the MySQL Database:

tuning-primer.sh

mysql-tuner.pl

Friday, October 17, 2008

Enable SSH in VMware ESX 3.x

ESXi 3.5 does ship with the ability to run SSH, but this is disabled by default (and is not supported). If you just need to access the console of ESXi, then you only need to perform steps 1 - 3.

1) At the console of the ESXi host, press ALT-F1 to access the console window.

2) Enter unsupported in the console and then press Enter. You will not see the text you type in.

3) If you typed in unsupported correctly, you will see the Tech Support Mode warning and a password prompt. Enter the password for the root login.

4) You should then see the prompt of ~ #.

Edit the file inetd.conf (enter the command vim /etc/inetd.conf).

5) Find the line that begins with #ssh and remove the #. Then save the file.

6) Once you've closed the vi editor, run the command /sbin/services.sh restart to restart the management services. You'll now be able to connect to the ESXi host with a SSH client.

Monday, September 22, 2008

Disable Beep in Ubuntu Hardy

Open the file /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist as root in a text editor:


vim /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist

Add this line to the end of the file:

blacklist pcspkr

The next time Ubuntu boots up pcspkr will be blocked from loading and you will no longer hear the beep. Peace and quiet at last!

But if you only need a temporary solution to disable the beep, just run this command (as root):

modprobe -r pcspkr

Thursday, September 18, 2008

Make Hostname permanent in Strato - Debian

Chnage this line in file /etc/hostname.sh:

[ -f /etc/hostname ] && HOSTNAME="$(cat /etc/hostname)"

to:

[ -f /etc/hostname ] && HOSTNAME="YOURHOSTNAME"

Friday, August 29, 2008

Enable HTTPS in Debian

install this package:

apt-get install libapache-mod-ssl

Enable ssl mode in Apache:

a2enmod ssl

add port 443 in /etc/apache2/ports.conf:

Listen 443

Make certificate (after run this command you must answer some questions):

make-ssl-cert /usr/share/ssl-cert/ssleay.cnf /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.pem

add these lines to
/etc/apache2/sites-available/YOURSERVER.COM.conf:

>VirtualHost *:443>

. . .
SSLEngine On
SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.pem
. . .

>/VirtualHost>

restart Apache2.

To redirect HTTP to HTTPS add these lines to
/etc/apache2/sites-available/YOURSERVER.COM.conf under 443 options:

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} ^80$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{SERVER_NAME}$1 [L,R]
RewriteLog "/var/log/apache2/rewrite.log"
RewriteLogLevel 2

and restart Apache2 again!

ftp user in a jail

Edit vsftpd configuration file - /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf and

make sure following line exists (and uncommented):

chroot_local_user=YES

Save and close the file. Restart vsftpd.

Tuesday, August 19, 2008

Windows Vista - Clear cache for dead offline files

Add the FormatDatabase (DBWD) registry entry to the following registry subkey:
(First add Parameters under Csc, if doesn't exist)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Csc\Parameters

Then, set the FormatDatabase registry entry to 1.
The restart your computer.

Monday, August 18, 2008

Bacula automatic startup

Create a bacula file in /etc/init.d/ :

#!/bin/sh

case "$1" in
'start')
/etc/bacula/bacula start
;;
'stop')
/etc/bacula/bacula stop
;;
*)
echo "Usage: $0 { start | stop }"
;;
esac
exit 0

add these links as follows:

ln -s /etc/init.d/bacula /etc/rc2.d/S90bacula
ln -s /etc/init.d/bacula /etc/rc3.d/S90bacula
ln -s /etc/init.d/bacula /etc/rc4.d/S90bacula
ln -s /etc/init.d/bacula /etc/rc5.d/S90bacula
ln -s /etc/init.d/bacula /etc/rc0.d/K90bacula
ln -s /etc/init.d/bacula /etc/rc1.d/K90bacula
ln -s /etc/init.d/bacula /etc/rc6.d/K90bacula

or simply run:

update-rc.d bacula defaults 90

Friday, August 15, 2008

Heartbeat - DRBD - MYSQL - APACHE - TYPO3

With two ubuntu (8.04) machine: ubuntu-five and ubuntu-six.
On both boxes exists two pure partitions: /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc
Install these packages on both:

apt-get install heartbeat-2 drbd8-utils stonith mysql-server apache2
apt-get install typo3-base typo3-env
apt-get install php5 php5-cgi php5-mysql typo3-site-installer

Here is my /etc/drbd.conf:

resource testing { # name of resources for mysql database

protocol C;

on ubuntu-five { # first server hostname
device /dev/drbd0; # Name of DRBD device
disk /dev/sdb1; # Partition to use, which was created using fdisk
address 10.66.66.22:7788; # IP addres and port number used by drbd
meta-disk internal; # where to store metadata meta-data
}

on ubuntu-six { # second server hostname
device /dev/drbd0;
disk /dev/sdb1;
address 10.66.66.26:7788;
meta-disk internal;
}

disk {
on-io-error detach;
}

net {
max-buffers 2048;
ko-count 4;
}

syncer {
rate 10M;
al-extents 257;
}

startup {
wfc-timeout 0;
degr-wfc-timeout 120; # 2 minutos.
}
}

resource typo3 { # name of resources apache2 and typo3

protocol C;

on ubuntu-five { # first server hostname
device /dev/drbd1; # Name of DRBD device
disk /dev/sdc1; # Partition to use, which was created using fdisk
address 10.66.66.22:7789; # IP addres and port number used by drbd
meta-disk internal; # where to store metadata meta-data
}

on ubuntu-six { # second server hostname
device /dev/drbd1;
disk /dev/sdc1;
address 10.66.66.26:7789;
meta-disk internal;
}

disk {
on-io-error detach;
}

net {
max-buffers 2048;
ko-count 4;
}

syncer {
rate 10M;
al-extents 257;
}

startup {
wfc-timeout 0;
degr-wfc-timeout 120; # 2 minutos.
}
}

Here is my /etc/ha.d/ha.cf:

logfile /var/log/ha-log
keepalive 2
deadtime 30
udpport 695
bcast eth0
auto_failback off
stonith_host ubuntu-five meatware ubuntu-six
stonith_host ubuntu-six meatware ubuntu-five
node ubuntu-six ubuntu-five

and the /etc/ha.d/haresources:

ubuntu-five IPaddr::10.66.66.74/24/eth0\
drbddisk::testing Filesystem::/dev/drbd0::/var/lib/mysql::ext3\
drbddisk::typo3 Filesystem::/dev/drbd1::/data::ext3 mysql apache2


First make new Partitions on sdb and sdc on both boxes:
fdsik /dev/sdb
> n
> p
> 1
> enter
> enter
> w

fdsik /dev/sdc
> n
> p
> 1
> enter
> enter
> w

make drbd with these commands on both boxes:

drbdadm create-md testing
#mkfs.ext3 /dev/drbd0

drbdadm create-md typo3
(#mkfs.ext3 /dev/drbd1)

On ubuntu-five run:
drbdadm -- --overwrite-data-of-peer primary all
drbdadm connect all


On ubuntu-six run:
drbdadm -- --overwrite-data-of-peer secondary all
drbdadm connect all


Wait until new DRBD drive to syncing.

Move the mysql data files and test mounting on ubuntu-five:

/etc/init.d/mysql stop

mv /var/lib/mysql /var/lib/mysql.org
mkdir /var/lib/mysql
mount /dev/drbd0 /var/lib/mysql
mv /var/lib/mysql.org/* /var/lib/mysql/
chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql

/etc/init.d/mysql start


On ubuntu-six do:

/etc/init.d/mysql stop

mv /var/lib/mysql /var/lib/mysql.org

Shutdown ubuntu-six and restart ubuntu-five.
Now start ubutnu-six after the ubuntu-five completely came up.

End :)



Thursday, August 14, 2008

Cloning typo3 Site

Copy the apache folder (/var/www/... or /var/srv/... to destination).

Make links for typo3 folders.

Backup database in source:
mysqldump -u {user} -p {databasename} > typo3_db.sql

Copy the file typo3_db.sql to destination.

Build new database in destination:

mysql -u root -p

mysql> grant all privileges on {datenbankname}.* \
to {username}@localhost identified by '{passwort}';


mysql> quit ;

mysql -u {username} -p

mysql> create database {databasename};

mysql> quit ;

mysql -u {username} -p {databaseame} < typo3_db.sql




Monday, August 11, 2008

Ubuntu - Change eth0 to eth1

Edit this file:

vim /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules

# PCI device 0x1022:0x2000 (pcnet32)
SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", DRIVERS=="?*", ATTR{address}=="00:0c:29:bf:c8:1b", ATTR{type}=="1", KERNEL=="eth*", NAME="eth0"

# PCI device 0x1022:0x2000 (pcnet32)
SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", DRIVERS=="?*", ATTR{address}=="00:0c:29:bf:c8:1b", ATTR{type}=="1", KERNEL=="eth*", NAME="eth1"

delete eth0 line, and change eth1 line to eth0:

Tuesday, August 5, 2008

MySQL Clustering - Master / Slave

We will need two Ubuntu Servers.

for example:

hostname: IP
--------------------------------------
ubuntu-one: 10.66.66.36
ubuntu-two: 10.66.66.29

To begin with we'll install and configure MySQL for normal use on each of the boxes.

sudo apt-get install mysql-server --yes

Set a strong MySQL root password and wait for the packages to download and install, then edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf to make MySQL listen on all IP addresses.

bind-address = 0.0.0.0

Now restart MySQL and fire up the MySQL command-line client to check all is good.

sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart

mysql -u root -p

Enter password: [enter the MySQL root password you chose earlier]
mysql>

If you got the mysql> prompt then MySQL is running. Try connecting to the other node across the network to see if the firewall is opened and MySQL is listening on the network interface.

From ubuntu-one run:

mysql -h ubuntu-two -u root -p

Enter password: [enter the MySQL root password you chose earlier]
ERROR 1130 (00000): Host 'db-01' is not allowed to connect to this MySQL server
If you got the above error then everything is working fine - MySQL connected and refused to authorise the client.

The first thing we want to do is setup a simple master-slave
replication to see that it's possible to replicate data from one
database host to the other. This requires a binary log so tell MySQL on
ubuntu-one to keep one.
Edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf and set the following values under the replication section:

server-id               = 1
log_bin = /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log
expire_logs_days = 10
max_binlog_size = 100M
binlog_do_db = my_application <=== Database to replicate
binlog_ignore_db = mysql
<=== Database to ignore
binlog_ignore_db = test <=== Database to ignore On ubuntu-one grant\
replication slave rights to ubuntu-two.

Change
some_password to a real, strong password.
Afterwards, make sure you restart MySQL.


mysql -u root -p

Enter password: [enter the MySQL root password you chose earlier]

mysql> grant replication slave on *.* to 'replication'@'ubuntu-two' identified by 'some_password';

sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart


Jump on to ubuntu-two and set it up to replicate data from ubuntu-one by editing /etc/mysql/my.cnf, again replacing the hostname, username and password with the values for ubuntu-one.

server-id = 2
master-host = ubuntu-one
master-user = replication
master-password = some_password
master-port = 3306
One way replication should now be setup. Restart MySQL and check the
status of the slave on ubuntu-two. If the Slave_IO_State is "Waiting for
master to send event" then you've been successful.

# Run this on ubuntu-two only

sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart
mysql -u root -p

Enter password: [enter the MySQL root password you chose earlier]
mysql> show slave status ;
*************************** 1. row ***************************
Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
Master_Host: 193.219.108.241
Master_User: replication
Master_Port: 3306
Connect_Retry: 60
Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000005
Read_Master_Log_Pos: 98
Relay_Log_File: mysqld-relay-bin.000004
Relay_Log_Pos: 235
Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000005
Slave_IO_Running: Yes
Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
Replicate_Do_DB:
Replicate_Ignore_DB:
Replicate_Do_Table:
Replicate_Ignore_Table:
Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
Last_Errno: 0
Last_Error:
Skip_Counter: 0
Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 98
Relay_Log_Space: 235
Until_Condition: None
Until_Log_File:
Until_Log_Pos: 0
Master_SSL_Allowed: No
Master_SSL_CA_File:
Master_SSL_CA_Path:
Master_SSL_Cert:
Master_SSL_Cipher:
Master_SSL_Key:
Seconds_Behind_Master: 0

Monday, July 21, 2008

Change IP in SUSE

Change the content of this file:

/etc/sysconfig/network/ifcfg-(yourdevicename)

Example:

BOOTPROTO='static'
BROADCAST=''
IPADDR='192.168.1.65'
MTU=''
NAME='Intel PRO/1000 T Server Adapter'
NETMASK='255.255.255.0'
NETWORK=''
REMOTE_IPADDR=''
STARTMODE='auto'
UNIQUE='JNkJ.yxXKhRPGaBB'
USERCONTROL='no'
_nm_name='bus-pci-0000:00:09.0'
PREFIXLEN=''

See this file for more descriptions:

/etc/sysconfig/network/ifcfg.template

Friday, July 18, 2008

Connect Outlook to Exchange over the Internet

Click Start, and then click Control Panel.
  • If you are viewing Control Panel in the default Category view, switch to Classic view, and then double-click Mail.
  • If you are viewing Control Panel in Classic view, double-click Mail.

Click on Show Profiles.
  • If you already have a profile:
    1. Highlight the profile you wish to use and click Properties.
    2. Click on E-mail Accounts.
    3. Make sure that the E-mail tab is selected, click New.
    4. Choose Microsoft Exchange, POP3, IMAP, or HTTP and click Next.
  • If you do not have a profile:
    1. You will be prompted to create a profile, name it anything you would like.
  • Click Manually configure server settings or additiona server types.
  • In the Microsoft Exchange Server box, type the local name of the Exchange server:
    be01.hosting01.fpweb.net
  • In the User Name box, type the full email address of the user. Do not click Check Name.
  • In the Exchange Server settings page, click More Settings.
    1. You may get an error message that the name could not be found. Ignore the error and continue.
    2. Click Cancel in the next window.
  • On the Connection tab, under Exchange over the Internet, select Connect to my Exchange mailbox using HTTP, and then click Exchange Proxy Settings. The Exchange Proxy Settings dialog box appears.
  • Under Use this URL to connect to my proxy server for Exchange, type the following URL:
    webmail.hosting01.fpweb.net
  • Select Connect using SSL only.
  • Select On fast networks, connect using HTTP first, then connect using TCP/IP. Make sure On slow networks, connect using HTTP first, then connect using TCP/IP is selected.
  • Under Proxy authentication settings, select Basic Authentication.
  • Click OK, and then click OK again. Click Next, and then click Finish.
Open Outlook and type your full email address when prompted. You can now work with your Outlook mailbox.

Friday, July 11, 2008

VmWare Server not starting after boot on my Ubuntu

I actually found out that this failure was actually due to an older installation of vmware-player. Even though I removed it at the time, vmware-player left /etc/init.d/vmware-player to start on boot up :s.... and as a result, messed everything up.
To sort this out, you need to remove vmware-player service simply run:

sudo update-rc.d -f vmware-player remove

Don't forget to remove /etc/vmware/not_configured, if it is still there, before you reboot.


Friday, July 4, 2008

Find UUID in Ubuntu

Just simple! run this:

blkid

or

ls /dev/disk/by-uuid

Thursday, June 26, 2008

Check Public IP from Command Line

run this command:

wget -q -O - checkip.dyndns.org|sed -e 's/.*Current IP Address: //' -e 's/<.*$//'

that's all!

Wednesday, June 25, 2008

Remember Password for Map Network Drive

Create a Batch file with this line:

net use DRIVE: \\SERVERNAME\FOLDERNAME PASSWORD /user:USERNAME /persistent:yes

then put this file into startup!!

Wednesday, June 18, 2008

Enable M Drive in Exchange Server

You need to add a string value called DriveLetter, with a value of M, into the following location:

HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\ExIFS\Parameters

and change the Value of EnableMDLReads to 1.

Obviously, the value M means that drive M: will be used. You can change this to be a different value if you desire.

If you do re-enable the ExIFS drive letter, be careful out there!

Monday, June 9, 2008

Disable the system beep through in Windows

Right click My Computer>>Properties

Select the Hardware tab, click Device Manager

Go to View>>Show Hidden Devices

Expand out Non Plug and Play Drivers, right click on Beep and select Disable

Wednesday, May 21, 2008

Install OPENVPN on Ubuntu Hardy (8.04)

Download openvpn-2.1_rc7.tar.gz from:

http://www.openvpn.net/index.php/downloads.html.

install these packages:

apt-get install liblzo2-dev
apt-get install libssl-dev

unzip the openvpn package and runs:

./configure
make
make install

With this error:
" Cannot open TUN/TAP dev /dev/net/tun: No such file or directory (errno=2)"

run these commands:

mknod /dev/net/tun c 10 200
modprobe tun

Tuesday, April 29, 2008

Mount ntfs external Hard disk in Ubuntu

mount -t ntfs-3g /dev/sdxx /folder -o force


folder is a folder in Ubuntu
/dev/sdxx is the attached device (look dmesg)

Friday, April 25, 2008

Bacula Client - iptables

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 9102 -j ACCEPT

iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 9103 -j ACCEPT

Thursday, April 24, 2008

Install Asus Onboard LAN in Ubuntu

Download the proper Driver:

http://atl1.sourceforge.net/

and unzip that.

install Linux-Headers:

apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)

go to src folder of Driver:

make
make install
modprobe atl1

add eth1 to /etc/network/interface.

Wednesday, April 16, 2008

OpenVPN with Dynamic IP

Create an account on DYNDNS.

Register a new Domain, for example: mytest.ath.cx

On Router define the Dynamic DNS with information above.

Put a free port for OpenVPN on Router: for example 1194

Install OpenVPN and ddclient on Server.

On OpenVPN Client's Config file put this line:

remote mytest.ath.cx 1194

Friday, April 11, 2008

Ubuntu - Share windows

Share the Folder in windows.

run this command on Ubuntu:

echo 0 > /proc/fs/cifs/LinuxExtensionsEnabled

Mount the share in Ubuntu:

mount -t cifs //win.ip.no.here/ShareName /Floder-in-Ubuntu -o username=administrator,password=password-for-admin,
uid=1000,umask=000


Mount permanently by add this line into /etc/fstab:

//win.ip.no.here/ShareName /Folder-in-ubumntu smbfs auto,username=Administrator,password=password 0 0

Thursday, April 10, 2008

Windows File Synchronization

Dimio's Site:

http://dimio.altervista.org/eng/


Dimio's Tools:

Dshutdown:
http://dimio.altervista.org/stats/download.php?id=2

DSynchronize:
http://dimio.altervista.org/stats/download.php?id=3


Tuesday, April 8, 2008

Dynamic and Static IP in Ubuntu

Edit the following file:
/etc/network/interfaces 
for Dynamic IP:
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

for Static IP:

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
address 192.168.0.100
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 192.168.0.0
broadcast 192.168.0.255
gateway 192.168.0.1

Monday, March 31, 2008

Remote access via ssh without Password

On the Client, at the /root/.ssh/, run the following command to build keys:

ssh-keygen -t rsa

that builds two files:

id_rsa.pub and id_rsa

Copy id_rsa.pub to Remote Computer:

scp id_rsa.pub root@ip.for.remote.computer:/root/.ssh/

Then execute this command on Remote:

cat id_rsa.pub >> authorized_keys

and:

chmod 644 authorized_keys

Tuesday, March 25, 2008

Open port in SuSE

edit /etc/sysconfig/SuSEfirewall2,

change this line:

#FW_TRUSTED_NETS="local.netzwork.ip.no,tcp,portno"

the restart Firewall service:

SuSEfirewall2 start

Thursday, March 20, 2008

Sharing Samba Printer with Windows Clients

Connect printer to Samba server.

Add printer in SMB.CONF:

[printers]

comment = Alle Drucker
path = /var/spool/samba
browseable = no
public = yes
guest ok = yes
writeable = no
printable = yes
printer admin = root, @ntadmins

restart samba service.

Edit the file:

/etc/cups/cupsd.conf

and change the following part:

# Show shared printers on the local network.
Browsing On
BrowseOrder allow,deny
BrowseAllow @LOCAL, @users
BrowseAddress @LOCAL

@users is nt users group map

sudo /etc/init.d/cupsys restart

Now Windows clients can see the printer.

Wednesday, March 19, 2008

Restore ACL or copy file with ACLs

First copy the ACLs:

getfacl --omit-header /your/file/or/directory /here > file.txt

this command store the current ACLs in file.txt.

Then run:

setfacl -M file.txt /your/file/or/directory/here

this command sets the ACLs same as the stroed file.

To copy the file or directory while preserving ACLs, use the -p or -a command option (-R means recursive and that means with all subdirectories):

copy -R -p /your/source/dir your/teraget/dir

or

copy -R -a /your/source/dir your/teraget/dir

To copy files with ACLs from one computer to another use RSYNC:

rsync -avrzA /source/dir user@target.host.address.or.IP:/target/dir

-A parameter means:
preserve ACLs (implies -p).
-a: Archive
-r: Recursive
-v: Verbose
-z: compress during copy

Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Opening Port in SME Server

Install the following package:

rpm -Uvh http://sme.swerts-knudsen.dk/downloads/dmc-mitel-portopening-0.0.1-4.noarch.rpm

then run:

/etc/e-smith/events/actions/navigation-conf

and restart the server.
In server-manager -> Configuration menu you can see Port Opening.

Friday, March 14, 2008

Install OPENVPN Client on SME Server

mkdir /etc/openvpn
cd /etc/openvpn

wget http://sme.swerts-knudsen.com/downloads/OpenVPN/SME7/lzo-1.08-4.2.el4.rf.i386.rpm
wget http://sme.swerts-knudsen.com/downloads/OpenVPN/SME7/openvpn-2.0.2-1.2.el4.rf.i386.rpm
wget http://sme.swerts-knudsen.com/downloads/OpenVPN/smeserver-openvpn-0.0.1-2.noarch.rpm


rpm -Uvh *.rpm



config set openvpn service status enabled access public UDPPort 1194
signal-event remoteaccess-update

Build keys on server and copy them into /etc/openvpn/keys


correct the client.conf setting file

Start the OPENVPN service:

service openvpn start

Thursday, March 13, 2008

Port Forwarding in Ubuntu

ssh remote-ip -L local-port:local-ip:remote-port

Wednesday, March 12, 2008

Install Bacula BWEB

Go to bweb under bacula-gui-xxx directory,

cd /var/www/bacula-gui-2.2.8/bweb

run:

perl Makefile.PL
make install

mkdir -m 755 /usr/lib/cgi-bin/bweb
install -m 755 -o root -g root bweb/cgi/*.pl /usr/lib/cgi-bin/bweb
chown www-data /etc/bacula/bweb.conf

mkdir -p /usr/share/bweb/tpl
install -m 644 -o root -g root bweb/tpl/*.tpl /usr/share/bweb/tpl

mkdir /var/www/bweb
install -m 644 -o root -g root bweb/html/*.{js,png,css,gif,ico,html} /var/www/bweb

download the font and copy to /root folder:
wget http://trac.mapnik.org/browser/trunk/fonts/
dejavu-ttf-2.14/DejaVuSerif.ttf?format=raw]


go to:
http://your-server/cgi-bin/bweb/bweb.pl

and config the bweb as follow:

DBI => DBI:mysql:database=bacula;host=localhost;port=3306
user => bacula
password =>
email => your@email
graph_font => /root/DejaVuSerif.ttf

save the configuration and enjoy bweb!!

Tuesday, March 11, 2008

Install Bacula-Web

Install following packages:

apt-get install apache2 php5 gettext php5-gd php-db php5-mysql

download last version of bacula-gui.xxxx.gz and unzip it in:
/var/www

move bacula-web folder in bacula-gui-xxx folder to /var/www

change bacula.conf in bacula-web:
* When bacula user has not password in mysql, change this line:
pass =

to :

# pass =

We need to enable gd and mysql modules:
add or uncomment the following lines in /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini:

extension=mysql.so
extension=gd.so



Give the write access to the required config file:

chmod 777 -R /var/www/bacula-web/templates_c

restart apache server:
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart



Enjoy Bacula-Web!!

Monday, March 10, 2008

OpenVPN - Clients's Static IP

In server.conf add this line:

client-config-dir /etc/openvpn/ccd

In directory /etc/openvpn/ccd has files named with the CN of the cert for each client, e.g. for gull.riseup.net, create a file gull.riseup.net, containing something like this:

for Windows Clients:
#ifconfig-push clientIP serverIP

ifconfig-push 10.8.0.3 10.8.0.1


for Ubuntu Clients:
#ifconfig-push clientIP Netmask

ifconfig-push 10.8.0.3 255.255.255.0

Restart OpenVPN Server and Client services.

Friday, February 29, 2008

Configuration Bacula BAT in Ubuntu

Run in .../bacula-2.2.8/src/qt-console this file:

./build-depkgs-qt-console

then run in same directory:

make

Download qwt package for ubuntu:

qwt_5.0.1.orig.tar.gz

Unzip that and then under qwt-5.0.1.orig/qwt-5.0.1:

qmake

make

make install

add this line in user profile:

(for example for a user nemed UBUNTU => /home/ubuntu/.profile)


export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/qwt/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH


Configure Bacula with option:
--with-qwt=/usr/local/qwt
--enable-bat

Copy BAT directory in /etc/bacula/:


cp -R /.../bacula-2.2.5/qt-console/ /etc/bacula/

Start BAT:

/etc/bacula/qt-console/bat -c /etc/bacula/bconsole.conf

Thursday, February 28, 2008

Bacula Configurations

Server configs:

bconsole.conf:

Director {
Name = ubuntu-dir
DIRport = 9101
address = your.ip.is.here
Password = "pUypIMLMok5sn0W4nFHi9n6fAi2LTFBBqrOwxsMOPF5C"
}


bacula-dir.conf:


Director { # define myself
Name = ubuntu-dir
DIRport = 9101 # where we listen for UA connections
QueryFile = "/etc/bacula/query.sql"
WorkingDirectory = "/var/bacula/working"
PidDirectory = "/var/run"
Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 1
Password = "pUypIMLMok5sn0W4nFHi9n6fAi2LTFBBqrOwxsMOPF5C"
Messages = Daemon
}
JobDefs {
Name = "DefaultJob"
Type = Backup
Level = Incremental
Client = ubuntu-fd
FileSet = "Full Set"
Schedule = "WeeklyCycle"
Storage = File
Messages = Standard
Pool = Default
Priority = 10
}
Job {
Name = "Client1"
JobDefs = "DefaultJob"
Write Bootstrap = "/var/bacula/working/Client1.bsr"
}
# Backup the catalog database (after the nightly save)
Job {
Name = "BackupCatalog"
JobDefs = "DefaultJob"
Level = Full
FileSet="Catalog"
Schedule = "WeeklyCycleAfterBackup"
# This creates an ASCII copy of the catalog
RunBeforeJob = "/etc/bacula/make_catalog_backup bacula bacula"
# This deletes the copy of the catalog
RunAfterJob = "/etc/bacula/delete_catalog_backup"
Write Bootstrap = "/var/bacula/working/BackupCatalog.bsr"
Priority = 11 # run after main backup
}
Job {
Name = "RestoreFiles"
Type = Restore
Client=ubuntu-fd
FileSet="Full Set"
Storage = File
Pool = Default
Messages = Standard
Where = /bacula-restores
}

FileSet {
Name = "Full Set"
Include {
Options {
signature = MD5
}
File = /home/
}

Exclude {
File = /proc
File = /tmp
File = /.journal
File = /.fsck
}
}
Schedule {
Name = "WeeklyCycle"
Run = Full 1st sun at 23:05
Run = Differential 2nd-5th sun at 23:05
Run = Incremental mon-sat at 23:05
}
Schedule {
Name = "WeeklyCycleAfterBackup"
Run = Full sun-sat at 23:10
}
FileSet {
Name = "Catalog"
Include {
Options {
signature = MD5
}
File = /var/bacula/working/bacula.sql
}
}

# Client (File Services) to backup. This Client is in server!!
Client {
Name = ubuntu-fd
Address = 10.66.66.31
FDPort = 9102
Catalog = MyCatalog
Password = "iBtT8iPwJUvgQDzx9NXYCgqpYqVJSZpfJaSPys2OFaUO" # password for FileDaemon
File Retention = 30 days # 30 days
Job Retention = 6 months # six months
AutoPrune = yes # Prune expired Jobs/Files
}
# Definition of file storage device
Storage {
Name = File
# Do not use "localhost" here
Address = 10.66.66.31 # N.B. Use a fully qualified name here
SDPort = 9103
Password = "GXbfLMxsWxQbhCQyYW5IZoDEISB/VEq6fdmNgR4AaTQh"
Device = FileStorage
Media Type = File
}
# Generic catalog service
Catalog {
Name = MyCatalog
dbname = bacula; user = bacula; password = ""
}

# Reasonable message delivery -- send most everything to email address
# and to the console
Messages {
Name = Standard

mailcommand = "/sbin/bsmtp -h localhost -f \"\(Bacula\) \<%r\>\" -s \"Bacula: %t %e of %c %l\" %r"
operatorcommand = "/sbin/bsmtp -h localhost -f \"\(Bacula\) \<%r\>\" -s \"Bacula: Intervention needed for %j\" %r"
mail = root@localhost = all, !skipped
operator = root@localhost = mount
console = all, !skipped, !saved
append = "/var/bacula/working/log" = all, !skipped
}

# Message delivery for daemon messages (no job).
Messages {
Name = Daemon
mailcommand = "/sbin/bsmtp -h localhost -f \"\(Bacula\) \<%r\>\" -s \"Bacula daemon message\" %r"
mail = root@localhost = all, !skipped
console = all, !skipped, !saved
append = "/var/bacula/working/log" = all, !skipped
}
# Default pool definition
Pool {
Name = Default
Pool Type = Backup
Recycle = yes # Bacula can automatically recycle Volumes
AutoPrune = yes # Prune expired volumes
Volume Retention = 365 days # one year
}

# Scratch pool definition
Pool {
Name = Scratch
Pool Type = Backup
}Console {
Name = ubuntu-mon
Password = "sHa1X/38oyCYM/oGkjW/WL4yY/fQF2vie/1dSm9HuuvD"
CommandACL = status, .status
}

#Ubuntu Client

Job {
Name = "Aspirin"
Type = Backup
Client = aspirin-fd
FileSet = "Full Set"
Schedule = "WeeklyCycle"
Storage = File
Messages = Standard
Pool = Default
Write Bootstrap = "/var/bacula/working/aspirin.bsr"
}

# Client (File Services) to backup
Client {
Name = aspirin-fd
Address = 10.66.66.41
FDPort = 9102
Catalog = MyCatalog
Password = "iBtT8iPwJUvgQDzx9NXYCgqpYqVJSZpfJaSPys2OFaUO" # password for
File Retention = 30d # 30 days
Job Retention = 180d # six months
AutoPrune = yes # Prune expired Jobs/Files
}

#Windows Client
Job {
Name = WinClient
Type = Backup
Client = winclient-fd
FileSet = WindowsFileSet
Schedule = WeeklyCycle
Storage = File
Messages = Standard
Pool = Default
Write Bootstrap = "/var/bacula/working/winclient.bsr"
}
# Client (File Services) to backup
Client {
Name = winclient-fd
Address = 10.66.66.50
FDPort = 9102
Catalog = MyCatalog
Password = "iBtT8iPwJUvgQDzx9NXYCgqpYqVJSZpfJaSPys2OFaUO"
File Retention = 30d # 30 days
Job Retention = 180d # six months
AutoPrune = yes # Prune expired Jobs/Files
}

#File set for WINDOWS
FileSet {
Name = WindowsFileSet
Enable VSS = yes
Include {
File = c:/programme/openvpn/config
Options {
}
}
}

bacula-sd.conf:

Storage { # definition of myself
Name = ubuntu-sd
SDPort = 9103 # Director's port
WorkingDirectory = "/var/bacula/working"
Pid Directory = "/var/run"
Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 20
}

Director {
Name = ubuntu-dir
Password = "GXbfLMxsWxQbhCQyYW5IZoDEISB/VEq6fdmNgR4AaTQh"
}

Director {

Name = ubuntu-mon
Password = "oazZu/8Zt0VL8W8SmfmdOAfp1fZcalzKgLyFXP8tCIQQ"
Monitor = yes
}

Device {
Name = FileStorage
Media Type = File
Archive Device = /backup #Target Directory or Device
LabelMedia = yes; # lets Bacula label unlabeled media
Random Access = Yes;
AutomaticMount = yes; # when device opened, read it
RemovableMedia = no;
AlwaysOpen = no;
}

Messages {
Name = Standard
director = ubuntu-dir = all
}

###########################
Configuration for windows Client:

bacula-fd.conf:

FileDaemon { # this is me
Name = winclient-fd
FDport = 9102 # where we listen for the director
WorkingDirectory = "C:\\Dokumente und Einstellungen\\All Users\\Anwendungsdaten\\Bacula\\Work"
Pid Directory = "C:\\Dokumente und Einstellungen\\All Users\\Anwendungsdaten\\Bacula\\Work"
Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 2
}

#
# List Directors who are permitted to contact this File daemon
#
Director {
Name = ubuntu-dir
Password = "iBtT8iPwJUvgQDzx9NXYCgqpYqVJSZpfJaSPys2OFaUO"
}


# Send all messages except skipped files back to Director
Messages {
Name = Standard
director = ubuntu-dir = all, !skipped, !restored
}

#######################
Configuration for Ubuntu Client:

bacula-fd.conf:

# List Directors who are permitted to contact this File daemon
#
Director {
Name = ubuntu-dir
Password = "iBtT8iPwJUvgQDzx9NXYCgqpYqVJSZpfJaSPys2OFaUO"
}

#
# "Global" File daemon configuration specifications
#
FileDaemon { # this is me
Name = aspirin-fd
FDport = 9102 # where we listen for the director
WorkingDirectory = /var/bacula/working
Pid Directory = /var/run
Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 20
}

# Send all messages except skipped files back to Director
Messages {
Name = Standard
director = ubuntu-dir = all, !skipped, !restored
}

Install Bacula Backup Software

1. Download these files from http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=50727

bacula-2.0.3.tar.gz
depkgs

2. run:

apt-get install g++


3. run:
ln -s make /usr/bin/gmake

4. Create a bacula directory, into which you will place both the Bacula source as well as the dependency package.

5. Detar the depkgs into the bacula directory.

6. cd bacula/depkgs

7. make

8. Configure and install MySQL
download and install mysql-server from www.mysql.com/downloads:

dpkg -i mysql-server-5.0_5.0.21-3ubuntu1_i386.deb
dpkg -i libmysqlclient15-dev_5.0.21-3ubuntu1_i386.deb


9. apt-get install zlib1g-dev

10. Detar the Bacula source code preferably into the bacula directory discussed above.

11. Configure Bacula:

./configure --with-mysql --enable-smartalloc --with-openssl
make
make install

12. from /etc/bacula run:

./grant_mysql_privileges

./create_mysql_database

./make_mysql_tables

13. Start Bacula:

/etc/bacula/bacula start

14. Interface with Bacula using the Console program:

/etc/bacula/bconsole

Wednesday, February 20, 2008

Useful Links for OpenVPN

http://www.windows-stupidities.com/Stupid13.htm
http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/35
http://www.djatlantic.net/?p=252
http://www.shorewall.net/OPENVPN.html
http://openvpn.net/index.php/documentation/howto.html
http://www.linuxjournal.com/article/7949
http://www.dd-wrt.com/wiki/index.php/OpenVPN
http://brneurosci.org/linuxsetup71.html
http://brneurosci.org/vpn.html
http://www.terminal23.net/2007/08/openvpn_20_on_ubuntu_704.html
http://howto.landure.fr/gnu-linux/debian-4-0-etch-en/
install-and-setup-openvpn-on-debian-4-0-etch

http://www.thebakershome.net/?q=node/56
http://halfy.wordpress.com/2007/10/12/
setting-up-openvpn-209-on-ubuntu-606/

Tuesday, February 19, 2008

Set up OpenVPN GUI on Windows XP

1. Download openvpn.se gui

http://openvpn.se/files/install_packages/
openvpn-2.0.9-gui-1.0.3-install.exe


(at the time of writing)

2. Click on the file for installation:
- Make sure you select or deselect these times

* deselect “AutoStart OpenVPN GUI”
* Select “My Certificate Wizard”
* Select “Hid the TAP-Win* Virtual Ethernet Adapter”

- Click Next or OK until installation is done

3. put “client.ovpn” in c:\Program Files\OpenVPN\config\

4. Copy these files from server to c:\program files\openvpn\config:
ca.crt
home.crt
home.key

5. Edit the client.ovpn:

remote my-server-1 1194

to :

remote 10.66.66.47 1194 (The IP for server)

and:

ca ca.crt
cert home.crt
key home.key

to:

ca C:\\Programme\\OpenVPN\\config\\ca.crt
cert C:\\Programme\\OpenVPN\\config\\home.crt
key C:\\Programme\\OpenVPN\\config\\home.key


6. run Openvpn-gui.

You should see the a small icon with two red spots / retangular shapes on the notification area (bottom right of your screen). If you put your mouse cursor over it, a small tool tip would pop up indicating “OpenVPN GUI”.

To connect to VPN server:
1. Right click on the mentioned icon
2. Select Connect

To disconnect from VPN server:
1. Right click on the mentioned icon
2. Select Disconnect

Install OPENVPN on Ubuntu

Install the necessary software

I am going to configure openVPN as routing and not as Bridge.

Enter these commands on both the server and the client.

apt-get install openvpn openssl rdate


Now on the server side issue these commands

cd /usr/share/doc/openvpn/examples/easy-rsa/
cp * /etc/openvpn -R
cd /etc/openvpn
. ./vars (Be carefull there is a blank between two points)
./clean-all
./build-ca

Now create the certificates for the server

./build-key-server server

Now create the certificate for the client site

./build-key home

you can call it anything, I called it home

you can create as many keys as you need from this point for as many clients as you want, once you have finished issue this command.

./build-dh

Configure the server side

cd /usr/share/doc/openvpn/examples/sample-config-files/
cp server.conf.gz /etc/openvpn/
cd /etc/openvpn/
gunzip server.conf.gz
vim server.conf

Look for these lines

ca ca.crt
cert server.crt
key server.key # This file should be kept secret
dh dh1024.pem

and change to these ones

ca /etc/openvpn/keys/ca.crt
cert /etc/openvpn/keys/server.crt
key /etc/openvpn/keys/server.key # This file should be kept secret
dh /etc/openvpn/keys/dh1024.pem

uncomment the client-to-client directive to enable clients to be able to connect to each others through the VPN, and not only to the server.

Here is my SERVER.CONF:

port 1194

;proto tcp
proto udp

dev tap
;dev tun

ca /etc/openvpn/keys/ca.crt
cert /etc/openvpn/keys/server.crt
key /etc/openvpn/keys/server.key # This file should be kept secret

dh /etc/openvpn/keys/dh1024.pem

server 10.8.0.0 255.255.255.0

ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt
client-to-client
;duplicate-cn

keepalive 10 120
comp-lzo

persist-key
persist-tun

status openvpn-status.log

verb 3


Configure the client

First you need to copy the certificates from the server to the client, be sure to make this in a secure way, either using scp or a USB Key in order to keep your files secure.

the needed files are:

ca.crt
home.crt
home.key (should be kept secret)

and they are in the server's directory /etc/openvpn/keys/

now you have copied all these files to the client open a console on the client and

cd /usr/share/doc/openvpn/examples/sample-config-files/
cp client.conf /etc/openvpn/
cd /etc/openvpn/
vi client.conf

Look for these lines

ca ca.crt
cert client.crt
key client.key
remote my-server-1 1194

and change them for these ones.

ca /etc/openvpn/keys/ca.crt
cert /etc/openvpn/keys/home.crt
key /etc/openvpn/keys/home.key
remote [the.ip.of.server] 1194
that is all, unless you have made some other changes on the server side, as for example change from UDP to TCP to the default port, so you will have to change that also on the client side.

Start the server

openvpn /etc/openvpn/server.conf

if everything goes ok, you should see something like this,

Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 OpenVPN 2.0.9 i486-pc-linux-gnu [SSL] [LZO] [EPOLL] built on Jan 21 2007
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 Diffie-Hellman initialized with 1024 bit key
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 TLS-Auth MTU parms [ L:1542 D:138 EF:38 EB:0 ET:0 EL:0 ]
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 TUN/TAP device tun0 opened
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 /sbin/ifconfig tun0 10.8.0.1 pointopoint 10.8.0.2 mtu 1500
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 /sbin/route add -net 10.8.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gw 10.8.0.2
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 Data Channel MTU parms [ L:1542 D:1450 EF:42 EB:135 ET:0 EL:0 AF:3/1 ]
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 GID set to nogroup
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 UID set to nobody
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 UDPv4 link local (bound): [undef]:1194
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 UDPv4 link remote: [undef]
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 MULTI: multi_init called, r=256 v=256
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 IFCONFIG POOL: base=10.8.0.4 size=62
Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 IFCONFIG POOL LIST

Sat Jul 14 11:12:11 2007 Initialization Sequence Completed

Start the client

openvpn /etc/openvpn/client.conf

the output should look like this

Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 OpenVPN 2.0.9 i486-pc-linux-gnu [SSL] [LZO] [EPOLL] built on Jan 21 2007
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 IMPORTANT: OpenVPN's default port number is now 1194, based on an official port number assignment by IANA. OpenVPN 2.0-beta16 and earlier used 5000 as the default port.
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 WARNING: No server certificate verification method has been enabled. See http://openvpn.net/howto.html#mitm for more info.
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 LZO compression initialized
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 Control Channel MTU parms [ L:1542 D:138 EF:38 EB:0 ET:0 EL:0 ]
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 Data Channel MTU parms [ L:1542 D:1450 EF:42 EB:135 ET:0 EL:0 AF:3/1 ]
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 Local Options hash (VER=V4): '41690919'
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 Expected Remote Options hash (VER=V4): '530fdded'
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 NOTE: UID/GID downgrade will be delayed because of --client, --pull, or --up-delay
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 UDPv4 link local: [undef]
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 UDPv4 link remote: 200.87.61.90:1194
Sat Jul 14 15:40:36 2007 TLS: Initial packet from 200.87.61.90:1194, sid=408d696e 88814e22
Sat Jul 14 15:40:37 2007 VERIFY OK: depth=1, /C=bo/ST=bo/L=santacruz/O=go2linux.org/CN=OpenVPN-CA/emailAddress=gerencia@alketech.com
Sat Jul 14 15:40:37 2007 VERIFY OK: depth=0, /C=bo/ST=bo/O=go2linux.org/CN=server/emailAddress=gerencia@alketech.com
Sat Jul 14 15:40:38 2007 Data Channel Encrypt: Cipher 'BF-CBC' initialized with 128 bit key
Sat Jul 14 15:40:38 2007 Data Channel Encrypt: Using 160 bit message hash 'SHA1' for HMAC authentication
Sat Jul 14 15:40:38 2007 Data Channel Decrypt: Cipher 'BF-CBC' initialized with 128 bit key
Sat Jul 14 15:40:38 2007 Data Channel Decrypt: Using 160 bit message hash 'SHA1' for HMAC authentication
Sat Jul 14 15:40:38 2007 Control Channel: TLSv1, cipher TLSv1/SSLv3 DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA, 1024 bit RSA
Sat Jul 14 15:40:38 2007 [server] Peer Connection Initiated with 200.87.61.90:1194
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 SENT CONTROL [server]: 'PUSH_REQUEST' (status=1)
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 PUSH: Received control message: 'PUSH_REPLY,route 10.8.0.0 255.255.255.0,ping 10,ping-restart 120,ifconfig 10.8.0.6 10.8.0.5'
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 OPTIONS IMPORT: timers and/or timeouts modified
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 OPTIONS IMPORT: --ifconfig/up options modified
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 OPTIONS IMPORT: route options modified
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 TUN/TAP device tun0 opened
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 /sbin/ifconfig tun0 10.8.0.6 pointopoint 10.8.0.5 mtu 1500
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 /sbin/route add -net 10.8.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gw 10.8.0.5
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 GID set to nogroup
Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 UID set to nobody

Sat Jul 14 15:40:39 2007 Initialization Sequence Completed


If you arrived to this point you have your VPN stablished.

Then, you need to make one machine (the remote machine you want to connect to) publically visible.
Go to that machine and connect to the Internet. Go to No-IP.com.

Open an account at No-IP (it's free). In the No-IP setup screens (on their web site),
set up the information for your machine (they call it a "host"). Give your host a name (such
as "MyOffice") and select an extension to be added after "No-IP".
If you selected ".biz", for example, your machine will have the public name "myoffice.no-ip.biz".
Since the name you choose must be unique, No-IP provides a number of different extensions;

keep trying until your name is approved.

Install ddclient and set it with No-IP account:

apt-get install ddclient

Monday, February 11, 2008

LDAP Configuration

Module Config for LDAP-USERADMIN in Webmin:

given=0
imap_login=cyrus
alias_same=0
multi_fields=0
samba_def=1
mailfmt=0
other_class=top person posixAccount shadowAccount inetOrgPerson organizationalPerson
imap_def=0
samba_gclass=sambaGroupMapping
imap_folders=old public sent-mail
secmode=0
auth_ldap=/etc/libnss-ldap.conf
shells=fixed,passwd,shells
imap_class=SuSEeMailObject
samba_class=sambaSamAccount
slappasswd=/usr/sbin/slappasswd
md5=0
quota_support=0
default_min=
group_props=
addressbook=
random_password=
passwd_stars=
ldap_tls=0
default_warn=
group_fields=
charset=
login=cn=Manager,dc=copp,dc=net
imap_props=
pre_command=
base_gid=10001
user_files=
homedir_perms=0700
user_base=ou=Users,dc=copp,dc=net
domain=
default_inactive=
gother_class=
ldap_port=389
imap_folderalt=
pass=.
group_base=ou=Groups,dc=copp,dc=net
given_class=
fields=
imap_pass=
display_max=
home_style=0
group_mod_props=
ldap_host=127.0.0.1
default_max=
imap_host=
default_secs=
samba_props=
props=sn:${USER}
base_uid=10001
default_group=Domain Users
quota=
home_base=/data/home
default_shell=/bin/bash
samba_gid=
maillocaladdress=
default_other=1
noclash=
post_command=
samba_domain=S-1-5-21-1939531223-1054826667-1329343603
mod_props=
default_expire=

PS: The red items must be changed